HazMat, Dangerous Goods, ADR Shipping and Transportation in containers
Dangerous goods, hazardous materials, also ADR is a solid substances, liquids or gases that can harm people, other living organisms, property or the environment. Transportation of hazardous materials is regulated by international regulations.
HAZMAT, Dangerous goods: radioactive, flammable, explosive, corrosive, oxidizing, asphyxiating, infectious, toxic, pathogenic, or allergenic materials. There are also physical conditions that make a substance dangerous in specific circumstances.
Dangerous goods are indicated by a diamond-shaped sign. Color each character relate to his danger: flammable-explosive red-orange because mixing red (flammable) with yellow (oxidizer) creates orange. Non-flammable, non-toxic gas-green
Regulation of international container transport of HazMat, dangerous goods, ADR
International carriage of dangerous goods is governed by the ADR (European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road)-the agreement of European countries on the international transport of dangerous substances, which was created on the initiative of the United Nations.
Modern ADR 2013, valid until July 2015 and 2015 ADR which enters into full force with 30.06.15 clarify and complement the requirements for the transport of dangerous goods.
vehicles (VEHICLE) used in combined transport;
VEHICLE arrivals at ports or other transport terminals leaving them;
routes and parking VEHICLE with dangerous goods in adverse weather, political conditions;
travel VEHICLE through special installations, such as bridges;
TC dangerous goods movement on spec. routes to exclude their passage through a inhabited and others. zone;
the movement of dangerous goods traffic on certain times of day, days of the week etc.
Transportation must be provided with special equipment, additional fire extinguishers, light fixtures, driver protection means and also deal with the consequences of an accident. Technical equipment is regulated by both the ADR and local law, which greatly complicates the preparation of transport.
The shipper is obliged to complete each shipment with the emergency card which regulates actions at accident and\or flood and the passport of freight of MSDS .
People who deal with dangerous freights are obliged to carry protective equipment and to pass special training in fire inspection and also to receive the certificate about special preparation on actions at accidents and floods. Persons who can come into contact with dangerous freights, become object of control and have to watch health.
Except DOPOG in practice of transportations use IMDG - the contract on transportation of dangerous freights by sea transport.
On delivery dangerous freights in containers, the container is marked according to the international sea and motor transportation rules.